Types of Foundation Cracks You Should Know

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Types of Foundation Cracks You Should Know

Foundation cracks are one of the most common types of home maintenance problems. Foundation damage can be caused by many factors, such as soil contamination, improper grading, and water pressure. If you notice any signs of foundation damage on your property, it is crucial to act quickly before the problem becomes more serious.

Horizontal Cracks

Horizontal foundation cracks are usually the result of a settlement in soil. If you have this type of crack, your property is most likely located on clay or other types of compressible soils. It would help if you prevented horizontal foundation cracking from becoming worse.

Vertical Cracks

Vertical cracks are caused by a sudden movement in the soil or an impact on your structure. If you have this type of crack, it may be due to nearby construction activities and heavy equipment used on site. This can cause stress and tension in the soils around your foundation.

Shrinkage Cracks

Shrinking soil can also cause cracks. If you notice gaps between your structure and the surrounding soils, shrinkage has likely occurred. Shrinkage can happen when the water content of the soil decreases or if temperatures fluctuate significantly over a short period.

Stair Step Crack

Stair step cracks are formed when the soil freezes and expands. If it is not repaired, this type of crack can get worse over time. Stair step cracks happen along the foundation wall at the corners, and they tend to be more noticeable during the winter months. These cracks are often repaired by injecting a liquid polymer beneath your foundation walls, filling in any gaps.

Cracks in Slab-on-grade Foundation

This is another common form of foundation damage due to shrinkage or expansion pressure on the slab caused by temperature changes. If you have this type of crack, your foundation is most likely made out of concrete.

Hairline Cracks

Hairline cracks are almost unnoticeable, but you should still have them repaired as soon as possible. These types of foundation cracks don’t usually affect the structural integrity of your home or cause any damage to nearby structures. However, they can become more severe over time, so it is essential to pay attention to any signs of water penetration in this area.

If you have a brick or block foundation, hairline cracks can appear on the surface of your structure due to normal weathering. This type of crack is usually mild and only requires cosmetic fixes, such as filling them with caulk. However, if the damage grows over time, it may affect the structural integrity of your property. You may need to have a mason replace any loose bricks and fill the crack with mortar for more severe cases.

Uniform Cracks

This type of foundation damage is often related to housing movement, caused by soil settlement or changes in water pressure around your home’s foundation. This issue usually affects the structural integrity of your home, and you should have a professional inspect it as soon as possible.

Foundation cracking can be frustrating and expensive to fix, but you must get them repaired as soon as possible. If left untreated, foundation cracking could lead to more severe problems such as damage to your structure’s structural integrity. Not only will proper repair procedures maintain your property value, but they will also help prevent any further damage to your foundation. You can contact 58 Foundations for any type of foundation repair.