Infectious Mononucleosis

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Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious Mononucleosis is A Disease in Which
fever continues and systemic lymph nodes swell. It can be seen in infants to older children.

Cause
It is a disease mainly caused by infection with a virus called EB (Epstein-Barr) virus. It can also be caused by a virus called cytomegalovirus.

Symptoms
Fever is present, but often lasts for quite some time, and antibiotics are ineffective. I have a sore throat and a lot of strong tonsillitis. The tonsils may have something like a white membrane. Almost at the same time, the cervical, occipital, and systemic lymph nodes swell.
You may have nasal congestion or nasal voice. In addition, swelling of the liver and spleen, rash, and jaundice may occur, and in rare cases, complications of the central nervous system may occur and impaired consciousness may appear.

The Name Comes from The Diagnostic
symptoms and the increase in mononuclear cells called atypical lymphocytes in the blood.
A definitive diagnosis is made by measuring the antibody in the blood against the EB virus.

Treatment
There is no special treatment. Antibiotics are also ineffective. Many heal spontaneously over 2 to 4 weeks.
As a complication, hepatitis often causes liver dysfunction, in which case hepatitis is treated, which also recovers spontaneously.

Also Read: What is Monkeypox

Other Precautions
Although it is transmitted by contact, it is said that in Japan, antibodies are produced after being infected with the EB virus at around 2 years old. Most are thought to be subclinical infections with no symptoms.
* When the spleen is swollen, complications such as rupture of the spleen may occur, so exercise is prohibited.
* After EB virus infection, chronic active EB virus infection that is difficult to treat may occur.